Monday, May 25, 2020

Whitney Houston Essay - 1517 Words

Diagnostic Battery: A Case Evaluation of Whitney Houston Marc Kelly Walden University Diagnostic Battery: A Case Evaluation of Whitney Houston A psychological diagnostic battery is an important instrument in diagnosing various psychological conditions of an individual. As counselors, having an exact diagnosis and a diagnostic evaluation is essential. This paper will attempt to provide a diagnostic battery assessment of Whitney Houston. Although she has pasted away, the paper will present as if she had entered therapy prior to her death. Some missing points of information regarding her life will be added to this paper, although factious, the basis of the information will be drawn from media reports of her life.†¦show more content†¦Interview with Oprah Winfrey. 2. Interview with Diane Sawyer about her drug life: Five-Axis Diagnosis Axis I: 292.89 Cannabis Intoxication with Sleep Disturbance 292.12 Cocaine- Induced Disorder with Hallucinations Axis II: 71.09V Axis III: 427.2 Tachycardia, ventricular Axis IV: Divorce, Stressful work schedule Axis V: 55 (During cannabis use) 30 (During heavy cocaine use) Related Psychosocial and Family Issues Whitney Houston is a superstar. She works with a lot of people who struggle with additive behaviors. This social exposure has been difficult for her to handle. From media reports, Ms. Houston appears to be very stressed over family matters. She reports that she had a tumultuous marriage; suffering through many years of infidelity and public scandals in addition to the drug and alcohol arrests of her husband. Additionally, Whitney has been embroiled in another legal battle with her father for failure to settle a $100 million debt she owed his company (Whitney Houston, 2011). Related Career and Vocational Issues Following her arrest in early 2000, Whitney began having accountability issue with her career. She was consistently late or would miss interviews, photo shoots and rehearsals altogether. In one incident, she was suppose to perform at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame but pulled outShow MoreRelatedThe Accomplishments Of The Whitney Houston1565 Words   |  7 Pagesthe song â€Å"I Look to You† by Whitney Houston. Whitney Houston came out with this song after she got out of rehab, making it seem like it was her recovery song or letting her world of fans know she was back. Everyone always has a â€Å"rough patch† in life whether they want to or not, even celebrities. Whitney also called â€Å"Nippy† was born on August 9, 1963 in Newark, New Jersey. Whitney is an American recording artist, actress, and former fashion model. Whitney began singing in her church choirRead MoreBiography of Whitney Houston1357 Words   |  6 PagesWhitney Houston is considered as one of the greatest singers of our generation. According to the Guinness Book of World Records, she holds the record of being the most rewarded female artist of all time. I chose her as my topic, because she represents resiliency and tenacity, despite her troubled experiences with drugs and her personal life. Whitney Houston comes from a family with an amazing, musical pedigree; her mother, Cissy Houston, was a successful back-up singer for Aretha Franklin and ElvisRead MoreThe Accomplishments Of Whitney Houston1464 Words   |  6 PagesWhitney Houston: From Success to Struggles â€Å"As I lay me down, heaven hear me now. I’m lost without a cause, after giving it my all. Winter storms have come, and darkened my sun. After all that I’ve been through, who on earth can I turn to? I look to you.† This is a quote from the song â€Å"I Look to You† by Whitney Houston. This song came out right after Houston got out of rehab, making it seem like it was her recovery song and the way she told the world she was back in the entertainment world (OprahRead MoreThe Music Industry : Whitney Houston1941 Words   |  8 Pages( This was one of the many famous song lyrics from Whitney Houston’s ground breaking musical hits that captivated the attention of her fans and idols. Not only were fans able to relate to her musical lyrics, they were also amazed by her timeless voice, which no other artist during the time had. Because of her great voice and ground breaking musical hits as well as her ventures outside of the m usic industry, Whitney Houston is said to be one of the greatest singers of all time. Till thisRead MoreThe Legacy Of Superstar Whitney Houston2007 Words   |  9 Pages superstar Whitney Houston was born. She grew up living in Newark, New York, where she stayed in a middle-income neighborhood. Houston was the third and youngest child of Cissy Houston (gospel singer) and John Russell (entertainment executive). She was the godchild of Aretha Franklin and she studied and participated in all types of musical genres. Many may have believed that Houston was a great singer, but they had no idea of how big of a music icon and mogul she would become. Houston was only 11Read MoreThe Voice Of An Icon1442 Words   |  6 PagesThe Voice of An Icon: Whitney Houston The woman who has influenced so many and has become an icon in the music industry. Whitney was born in a musical family who was the daughter of gospel singer Cissy Houston, cousin of singing star Dionne Warwick and the goddaughter of soul legend Aretha Franklin. By the age of 22, Whitney became one the greatest female voices of her generation. Whitney was an artists who came alive and was able to express herself in full confidence when she was singing. WhenRead MoreComparing Two Music Legends1034 Words   |  4 PagesBeyonce Knowles and Whitney Houston are inspirational, independent and influential. Both have lyrics that can touch a million people. Their music Motivates us there both independent and also influential through their life and songs. Whitney Houston albums I Will Always Love You, The Best Of Whitney Houston, and Undefeated are very different, features many side of whitney.The Album I Will Always Love You The Best Of Whitney Houston cover is very elegant and classic. Whitney Houston standing strongRead MoreBeing The Only Child - Original Writing867 Words   |  4 Pagesher free time she would read Miss America by Howard Stern which was the best and fastest selling book of the year. If she wasn’t reading, she would listen to popular music of the time such as â€Å"Red Love† by The Beatles, anything by Mariah Carey, Whitney Houston, or The Eagles. The Eagles were actually the top grossing concert band of the year. You couldn’t go without hearing of them on the radio every few hours. I’m sure Chris got a lot of their music in his baby subconscious because of how much my momRead MoreAnalysis Of Laura Palmer By Bastille / Running Away From Pencey Prep1329 Words   |  6 Pagesthe darkà ¢â‚¬  directly apply to Holden. If Pencey was the known and where Holden was going was the unknown, Holden was walking out from the light into the dark, as in the song. 2. â€Å"I Wanna Dance With Somebody† by Whitney Houston// Lavender Room â€Å"I Wanna Dance With Somebody† by Whitney Houston brings to mind the Lavender Room scene from Catcher in the Rye. The Lavender Room was a nightclub in the basement of the hotel where Holden was staying. The initial reason why Holden went to the Lavender RoomRead MoreHistorical Precedents For The Rise Of Rock N Roll1539 Words   |  7 Pagesâ€Å"California Dreamin’† cover is not the only cover version of a single that was remade for a feature film. Dolly Parton’s â€Å"I Will Always Love You,† recorded in 1974, was a single that was later rerecorded approximately 19 years later by Whitney Houston in 1992. Houston rerecorded the single for the film The Bodyguard. Parton’s original version is a country-focused single that speaks to her separation from her duet partner and mentor Porter Wagoner. Knowing the split would be hard on both Parton and

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Oprah Winfrey - Owning the Media - 825 Words

The average Canadian watches 30 hours of television a week. Television is one of the biggest influences in media, and just one show can change someone’s life. One of these influential shows is the Oprah Winfrey Show. It was one of Oprah Winfrey’s greatest achievements that gave her the opportunity of a lifetime to speak to the world around her. She was able to help people that were just like her, and make people’s lives better. She was the first black female talk-show host, and even at the age of 60, she still reaches out to people. Oprah Gail Winfrey was born in Kosciusko, Mississippi, on January 29, 1954. From an early age, she was helping others around her. She would always help her grandmother on her farm with chores, even if she†¦show more content†¦At the age of 15, her parents discovered she was pregnant, and they supported her throughout her pregnancy. She gave birth to a boy, who died two weeks afterwards. Oprah was influenced to turn her life around by Maya Angelou. After reading her autobiography, she was inclined to focus on learning and public speaking. She won a major public speaking competition, which earned her a four-year college scholarship. She was chosen to represent Nashville in the Miss Fire Prevention beauty pageant, and she was the only black girl to participate. She ended up winning the pageant, and as a reward, she was given her own radio station to host. She later became the host of a talk-show (People Are Talking), where she invited people to come and speak their mind. She was great at helping them, since she experienced many of their setbacks early in her own life. Her speaking skills and her compassion proved to be very useful when comforting these people. After the show became very popular, it attracted celebrities to visit the show and talk with Oprah. She became widely known as a caring, warm-hearted, and bright person. She had experience in hosting her own morn ing show, after eight years with People Are Talking. She was the host of A.M. Chicago for a while after that, and her ratings went through the roof. Her charming persona won the hearts of many, and she wasShow MoreRelatedOprah Winfrey : The Biggest Adventure You Can Take1486 Words   |  6 PagesOPRAH WINFREY â€Å"The biggest adventure you can take is to live the life of your dreams.† Oprah lives by this quote because although she had a troubled childhood, she pursued her dreams of being on television. Oprah Winfrey has had a huge impact on society by overcoming her troubled childhood , creating a media empire and give billions of dollars to various charities. These charities include opening an all-girls school in Africa. Born January 29, 1954 on a farm in Kosciusko, MississippiRead MoreThe Definition of Success and How to Be Successful757 Words   |  4 Pagesa brilliant point, although there are others who would disagree, instead viewing materials as a measurement of success. Since when did success start being acquisitively measured? Modern day society has force fed people- through television, social media, and iconic celebrities- that being successful has all to do with the materialistic items, luxuries, money and fame that a person has. On the contrary success h as nothing to do with money and fame, but instead the characteristics it takes-dedicationRead MoreWhy Do Entreprenuers Need Public Relations?5111 Words   |  21 Pageswith shooting and injecting appropriate messages to the audience mind which causes the audience’s behavior to change. This theory is also known as the magic bullet theory, the message is a bullet fired from the media gun, which is the message to the viewer’s head which is the audience. The media are the magic gun firing the message directly into the audience head without their own knowledge the message cause the instant reaction from the audience mind. If an entrepreneur wants success with a productRead MoreUnderstanding the People Who Work at and Patronize Build-a-Bear Workshop8790 Words   |  36 Pagesfactors in his or her life. Weight plays into stereotyping based on attractiveness because heavy people are generally considered to be less attractive than are slender people. This stereotyping is strongly reinforced by an overwhelming onslaught of media advertising. 2. Does your attribution of how a person became fat affect your perceptions? Explain. Of course one’s attributions of how someone became fat will affect perceptions. If the reason for being fat is attributed to medical issues, impressionsRead MoreUnderstanding Marketing Management16709 Words   |  67 Pagesintegrated modern marketing program. The marketing plan needed to accomplish two very different goals: expand the electorate via broader messages while targeting very specific audiences. Multimedia tactics combined offline and online media, as well as free and paid media. When research showed that the more voters learned about Obama, the more they identified with him, the campaign added long-form videos to traditional print, broadcast, and outdoor ads. The Obama team—aided by its agency GMMB—also putRead MoreCelebrity Endorsements19810 Words   |  80 Pagesactivity, we perform many acts, may at home, at work place, on field in sports, in social life. But these acts may be daily routine or just acts per say giving no extra-ordinary results, not noticed by anybody surrounding, and not taken into notice by Media. But if a person acts or performs something which gives spectacular results is noticed by masses. That person has done something special that we and masses can not do. He is regarded as a special person with some extra given by that Almighty

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay on Compare and Contrast Two Leadership Styles

Leadership can be defined as the ability to lead a group of people successfully in an organization. Hall, et al (2008) have mentioned that an effective leader has to be visionary, motivating and responsible in order to successfully run a business organization. In business the two key leadership styles, which are widely used in today’s corporate world are autocratic leadership and democratic leadership (Johnson, n.d.). Autocratic leadership may be explained as â€Å"a leadership style where the manager sets objectives, allocates tasks and insists on obedience† (Hall, et al 2008 p.g 401). Conversely, democratic leadership encourages â€Å"participation in decision making† (Hall, et al 2008 p.g 402). Whilst many people would consider autocratic†¦show more content†¦Ã¢â‚¬Å"The leader must be able to explain ideas clearly to employees and understand any feedback they receive (Hall, et al 2008 p.g 402). Though rate of production with a democratic style of le adership might be slower than in an autocratic due to low supervision, it could be disputed that workers can work more freely as there is less stress to perform. A further aspect of leadership, which can also be believed to have a direct link with communication, is decision-making. Both leadership styles are similar in the way that ideas need to be stored before making a business decision. In an autocratic work place â€Å"decisions are made independently with little or no input from the rest of the group† (Riley, 2012 n.p.). However, in a democratic society â€Å"employees have greater involvement in decision making† (Riley, 2012 n.p.). Both these types of leadership have their benefits and disadvantages with respect to decision-making. In his research on different types of leadership, Joseph, (n.d.) stated that autocratic leadership style could be effective in a business environment as decisions can be made quickly without consulting with workers. According to Cherry, (n.d.) this type of leadership would be advantageous in situations such as the military where decisions need to be taken quickly. Though quick decision-making can be beneficial, it could be argued that it can lead to a demotivated workforce. Employees’ motivation decreasesShow MoreRelatedCompare and Contrast Any Two Theories of Leadership Essay1515 Words   |  7 PagesCompare and contrast any two theories of leadership In the following essay I will look at leadership, its definition and compare and contrast two theories behind it. I will firstly see if there is a distinction between leadership and management as suggested by John Kotter(1990) who goes on further to stress that organisations require both a leader and a manager but the function can be provided by a single individual. I will then look at some definitions of leadership such as that by Bryman(1999)Read MoreCompare and Contrast Different Structure of Organisation and Culture964 Words   |  4 Section 1 Understanding the relationship between organisational structure and culture You will need to: ï‚ · compare and contrast different organisational structures and culture Here you need to briefly describe the different types of organisational structure, and what different types/formats of culture can be found in organisations, and then compare and contrast them – what causes/creates each type, and positive factors / negative factors of each. ï‚ · explain how the relationship betweenRead Morebusiness Assignment1024 Words   |  5 Pages(Part-time) BEHAVIOUR AT WORK Unit 3: Organisations and Behaviour Outcome 1: Understand the relationship between organisational structure and culture Outcome 2: Understand different approaches to management and leadership Outcome 3: Understand ways of using motivational theories in organisations Outcome 4: Understand mechanisms for developing effective teamwork in organisations SCENARIO According to Bergstram and Hamilton, organisations have differentRead MoreCharacteristics of Managers and Leaders1568 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿Characteristics of Managers and Leaders: The concepts of leadership and management are viewed differently by different people though managers and leaders are important in management. Some people view these terms as synonyms and use them interchangeably in sentences and phrases while others consider them to be extreme opposites. Actually, people who consider the terms as quite different argue that its nearly impossible to be a good leader and a good manager at the same time. Nonetheless, thereRead MoreComparing Two Leaders By Charles Schneider1244 Words   |  5 PagesThis paper explores two leaders, one with strong success, and the other with less success, and evaluating the differences and similarities between the two leaders. Charles Schneider was the COO of eCollege, which was purchased by Pearson, from 1999 – 2001. Schneider left eCollege on unfavorable terms due to his competitive and confrontational leadership style, and he has chosen to not list eCollege in his background on either his Builder Sourcing or M ygoflight biography pages (Denver Business JournalRead MoreInternal Organizational Politics1260 Words   |  6 PagesAmerican to French or German organizations. Explain the concept of equifinality by using two Internet references. 11. Organizations have been defined as â€Å"systems of power.† Explain what this means. 12. Define where leaders get their power and how they keep it or lose it when there are shifts in power. 13. Discuss Weber’s Typology of Authority. Go online to this site in order to compare and contrast Webers three power sources against others ideas: MoreInternal Organizational Politics1267 Words   |  6 PagesAmerican to French or German organizations. Explain the concept of equifinality by using two Internet references. 11. Organizations have been defined as â€Å"systems of power.† Explain what this means. 12. Define where leaders get their power and how they keep it or lose it when there are shifts in power. 13. Discuss Weber’s Typology of Authority. Go online to this site in order to compare and contrast Webers three power sources against others ideas: MoreLeaders And Their Organizational Influence1577 Words   |  7 Pages(2014), leadership styles refer to the frameworks that describe the main ways people lead. It is in a person’s best interest to study these leadership styles and use this knowledge to develop their own style of leadership. There are five main types of leadership styles and leaders tend to fall into one of them. This paper will look at three different leadership styles and famous leaders who are known for those leadership styles. This paper will also compare and contrast these three leadership stylesRead MoreLeadership Skills Of Jean Watson And Michelle Obama1458 Words   |  6 Pages The Leadership Skills of Jean Watson and Michelle Obama Oluwatoyin Adekonye Georgia State University â€Æ' The Leadership Skills of Jean Watson and Michelle Obama This paper will talk about the leadership philosophy of two female leaders Jean Watson and Michelle Obama, and how their leadership skills have impacted many lives. The purpose of this paper is to discuss what it means to be a leader, types, and characteristics of a leader, why it is important to have an effective leader, qualitiesRead MoreEssay on Management and Academic Integrity Policy1498 Words   |  6 Pagesin the Learner portal. Main Task: Compare Two Chapters, Adhering to the Northcentral Academic Integrity Policy For this activity, read the two chapters listed in the Activity Resource section (Krames,J. A. (2003) Chapters 2 5). Each chapter relates to a successful, innovative business professional. You will be asked to discuss their journeys as practitioners and their contributions. Prepare a brief, 2-3 page paper in which you compare and contrast the two chapters. Address the following in your

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Operation Management German company Pentacon

Question: The manufacturing/service process design is based on a considerable number of different variables and represents, in essence, a number of trade-offs. Depending on the nature of the business, the nature of the product, and the nature of the market place, the chosen process design will obviously be different. A) By taking as an example a product or a service from an industry that you are familiar with, critically discuss the main factors that influence the manufacturing/service process design?B) Discuss how the five operational performance objectives may influence decision-making associated with process design and layouts? Answer: Introduction: This report discusses some theories and concepts of operation management. It is the internal process of the organization that helps to improve the performance of the organization. This report also shows the process of operation management of a German company Pentacon. It is a German company that manufactures camera. It is mainly known for producing the SLR (Single lens reflex) camera, medium format camera and other cameras. Pentacon also manufactures different types of slide projectors. This report shows the manufacturing design or the design of service process design of the particular company. This report shows the operational performance objectives that influence the process of design. A. Factors of influencing the manufacturing process: Concept of operation management: Hence, the concept of operation management is very necessary for understanding the process of manufacturing or service design of a product or service of a company. It is the internal process of the organization that helps to improve the performance of the organization. As defined by Chopra and Meindl (2013) Operation management is the process of managing the logistics, supply chain of the organization in order to measure the current performance of time, cost and quality. On the other hand, Manopiniwes et al. (2013) argued that, operation management refers to the overall management of designing and controlling the process of manufacturing and production of the products and services of a business company. Figure 1: process of Operation management (Source: Casson, 2013, pp-10) As stated by, Taunton (2014) the activities of operation management involve the manufacturing process of a product, production, development and distribution. On the other hand, Casson (2013) argued that, other activities, like purchase managing, quality control, logistics, inventory control, evaluation are also involved in the process of operation management of a company. Operation management therefore should meet all the requirement and strategy of a company or the demand of the customers. The process of Operation management involves thorough process and method within the company. There are some factors those need to be considered while making plan about the process of operation management of a company. The size, location, logistics elements, products, services and customers of the company are the factors those always need to be considered in order to implement the process of operation management. Supply Chain Management is the most important area of operation management. Supply chain management: According to, Elgazzar et al. (2013) supply chain management refers to the process of managing the materials and information within the links between the chains. This chain therefore includes some logistic elements, like manufacturing plants, vendors and distribution centers. For building an effective supply chain management process, full scale co-ordination among these partners is very necessary and important. This process of co-ordination requires effective communication through these partners. Effective relation within these partners often grows with the help of effective data sharing by communication networks. Therefore, effective communication network will help in the process of supply chain management of the particular company. On the other hand, Narasimhan and Narayanan (2013) stated that, the process of supply chain management involves three important levels of activities within a company. Strategic level, operational level and tactical levels are these levels those have involved with the process of supply chain management. An effective supply chain management therefore involves with the smooth traffic of products from the inputs of the suppliers to the whole portion of the company. In order to manage the supply chain effectively configuration of distributed network, strategy of the distribution, inventory management, information management need to be considered by the organization. Configuration of the network involves location and quantity of the suppliers, warehouses of the company, centers of distribution and customers. Distribution strategy involves the various types of strategies, shipment, third party logistics etc. On the other hand, Elgazzar et al. (2012) argued that, process of inventory management involves best possible raw materials, management of finished products etc. Information flow management involves the process of transferring the inventory that is valuable to the company. Transportation and forecasting the information are also involved in the process of information flow management. Value added by the process of operation management: Figure 2: Value added through Operation management (Source: Zhu et al. 2013, pp-406) Different types of processes of transformation are included in the techniques of operation management. Company who manufactures product always uses the physical process of transformation. Retail operation always exchange for transformational process. Healthcare organization always uses the physical process of transformation. Communication and educational sector utilizes informational process. Operation management also helps to add value in the process of the company. Process of operation management therefore helps to analyze the course of all aspects of the business. Flow of the process of a company therefore helps in order to identify the current position of the company within the competitive sector of the market. This also helps to identify the condition of the departments within a company. There are some process by those a company can add value (, 2015). Identification of the development of the process of production that may be converted to the process of cost savings. The process of cost saving should be passed to the end customers of the company. This makes powerful position of the company within the competitive market sector. Reformation of the infrastructure of the company also adds value to the company. Effective infrastructure of a company also helps to gain competitive position for the company within the market. Effective process of operation management also helps to solve the problems of inventory management and supply chain. This can be able to add value to the business operation of the company. Improvements in the administration of the company can also add extra value to the company. Effective process of operation management can help in identifying key issues of the organization and improves those issues as well. According to, Yamamoto (2013) effective and good management of operation therefore benefit the shareholders and customers of the organization. Value added service fulfils the demand of both the customers and shareholders of the particular company. Cost saving as well as effective process will benefit different types of stakeholders of the organization. On the other hand, Chopra and Meindl (2013) stated that, effective and continuous process of operation management also can satisfy the customers by fulfilling the needs and demands of them. Successful process of operation management can help to deliver the products within the stipulated time that can also satisfy the customers and other stakeholders of the company. There are some factors also those can affect upon the manufacturing process of the organization. Different industries of the market have different process of operation management. Manufacturing process of an organization is an important aspect for the organization. This can be involved in the overall strategy of operation management (, 2015). Overview of manufacturing process of Pentacon: As stated by, Narasimhan and Narayanan (2013) the manufacturing process and service process can be based upon some variables. Manufacturing design therefore involves some performance objectives those have the influence upon the decision making process of the organization. According to, Hofmann and Knbel (2013) service design or manufacturing process is related with the implementation process. The process of manufacturing and designing the service is very much different within every company. This process is an engineering process that refers to the art of designing a product or service of a company. Service design or manufacture design provides the easy way of manufacturing the product within the company. It is the basic art of engineering that helps to produce products those are easy for manufacturing within the company. Camera is the major products of the electronic and computing industry. Manufacturing of a camera is the creative art as well as engineering art. On the other hand, Xu et al. (2013) argued that, this is different industry the other industry in case of manufacturing design or service design process. The workers in this industry therefore make a small proportion of workforce as because this is the industry where technology plays an important and great part while making the products. Development of a camera and other electronic device therefore depends upon the technological advancement. As the time goes, the innovative technology is been developing. Therefore, the technological innovation and up gradation has grabbed many part of this industry. So, this camera industry requires many engineers and technicians who can take the advancement of the technology and produces effective products. Rapid growth of innovation and technology therefore requires a high quality of engineers and technicians and other workers of technical part. Some research analyst has also been utilized by this company in order to extensive research and developm ent process for the development of products (Aurich, 2015). On the other hand, Zhu et al. (2013) argued that, this industry requires some efficient as well as knowledgeable marketing and sales employees for different types of segments of this company. This company promotes and sells their manufactured products by efficient sales and marketing personality. Camera and likewise products often contains various types of intermediate components those are mainly purchased by other manufacturers. Therefore, this process of Pentacon often adds extra facilities for the company. It benefits both the buyer and manufacturer companies. Pentacon provides joint development and research process of these two companies. Pentacon therefore is involved within the process of manufacturing products of different cameras. It also involves in the process of research and development of the particular company. Apart from these, some factors often influence upon the manufacturing process of the company. Some factors, like equipments, suppliers, necessary special parts, employees etc. Suppliers are the most necessary element for the process of manufacturing some products or services. Suppliers often create delay for the manufacturing process. The problems of source and other supply related problems are there in the process of manufacturing the products and services of the company. Therefore, Taunton (2014) stated that, the company should manage the smooth and efficient supply operation within the manufacturing process of the company. Especially for this type of technical industry, arrangement of necessary equipment is very much important for the company in order to involve in a smooth manufacturing design and process. On the other hand, Yamamoto (2013) stated that, effective operation management of a company therefore should provide quality service or products to the company. On the other hand, employees as well as workers are the most valuable asset in order to maintain an effective manufacturing design or process. Techniques of labor efficiency and cost efficiency can be able to affect the process of manufacturing within a positive way. On the other hand, Narasimhan and Narayanan (2013) stated that, flexibility in work can be the main strategy of improving the process of manufacturing. Flexibility can be the effective strategy for manufacturing different types of products within the same sector and same time. Apart from this, it can be suggested by, Casson (2013) that, this sector of electronic device has many segments. Every segments produce different products. Mainly, Camera Company takes some products from some other manufacturing industry. Some chips of the camera are often grabbed from other company of manufacturing. Concept of process design and process layout: According to, Hofmann and Knbel (2013) process design involves the process of determining the process of producing a product of tan organization. The objective behind process design is to meet the demands and requirements of customers. Process design is very critical as well as important activity that in this stage, 70 to 80 percent cost has estimated for the manufacture and development of the product. Process of product designing therefore requires clear understanding about the performance and functions of the particular product. Product design has the effect upon the flexibility of the product as well as quality and cost of the products. New or old product needs the process of designing. More or less, new products and old products need modification of process design. On the other hand, Manopiniwes et al. (2013) stated that, process layout refers to the design of the floor of the firm of manufacturing products. Process layout plays an important role in order to improve the efficiency of the firm by arranging important equipment as per the function of the product. Therefore, the production line should be designed for removing the waste of material flows as well as inventory flows and management. Therefore, Zhu et al. (2013) stated that, decision about designing the process and layout is taken by the operation managers of the particular organization. Process design and layout are two most important task of operation management. There are various types of process strategies, like process focus, repetitive focus, mass customization and product focus. These entire tasks are done for the effective making of products. Group decision about this topic can be effective for selecting the effective and useful layout. Decision making process about the selection of layout design is the important factor before the achievement of the predetermined goals or objectives of the organization. Therefore, group decision about the design process and layout can be the effective formula to solve major problems and issues of the process. On the other hand, Narasimhan and Narayanan (2013) argued about five performance objectives those have an impact upon the operation management process and indirectly upon the stakeholders of the organization. There are basic five performance objectives for managing the operation among the organization. B. Operational performance objectives: Figure 3: Performance objectives of operation management (Source: Hofmann and Knbel, 2013, pp-20) As stated by, Elgazzar et al. (2012) five performance objectives are as follows: Quality performance objectives: Quality is the most important objective of performance. Quality refers to the most effective specification of the particular product. Quality refers to the intended performance of the product. Quality refers to the stability of the product. Quality also refers to the degree of the needs of the customers for the particular product. If the customers are satisfied with the products the worth of the cost will be effective for the customers. Speed performance objectives: Speed refers to the responses of the organization in order to deliver the products to the customers. It is the time gap between the requests of external and internal customers for a particular product or service. Speed is the rate of generating sales and delivery of the products of a company. Speed also refers to the time of the process of research and development of the organization. Speed is very important aspect as because it helps in order to respond to the needs and requirements of the customers about products and services. Speed also helps to reduce the cost. It helps to reduce the risks and inventories. Dependability performance objectives: Dependability increases when the desired product or service comes to the customers. Dependability refers to the term being on time. This can be difficult for measuring the dependability. Timely delivery of product as well as service is the important factor for measuring this term dependability. If a company produces and serves products within the stipulated time to the customers as per the cost of customers, then the customers become dependable to the products of the company. Flexibility performance objectives: Flexibility can be called as a complex situation. Flexibility refers to the change of the operation. Company can arrange various lines of product those can deal with various types of requirements of products. New requirements of the products should be matched with the company. Flexibility refers to the variety of different products. Flexibility performance objectives therefore require more production of wide variety of products within different levels of the company. New design modifications therefore are needed in order to produce more flexibility among the operation of a company (, 2015). Costs performance objectives: This refers to the difference of unit cost for the change of volume and the huge variety of products. Cost of every product varies upon the running cost and profit of the product. Decision making process of process design and layout depends upon the performance objectives of operational management. Quality, speed, dependability, flexibility, cost are those elements those have influenced over the decision making process of the organization. Decision making process of the operation management depends upon the quality performance objective. Specification of the product is the characteristics of quality of a product. Quality is the most important element that attracts the customers. Therefore, in order to take decision about the layout and design process of the product quality should be considered as the most important factor of the product. On the other hand, Manopiniwes et al. (2013) stated that, speed and dependability are other important factors those have influenced over the decision making process of the organization in accordance with the process of operation management. Operation mangers should look after upon the fact of dependability of the customers for gaining competitive advantage among the competitive market sector. Operation managers should consider the fact of delivering the product within the stipulated time. They also should consider about the fact of flexibility of product. A company should know the process of making different products within a stipulated time frame. Flexibility refers to the variety of different products. Flexibility performance objectives therefore require more production of wide variety of products within different levels of the company. Therefore, operation manager should take decision about different products in accordance with the predetermined objectives and goals of the organiz ation. They should take the decision in order to build effective innovative product design that is more flexible for the customers as well as other stakeholders of the company. Conclusion: This report has dealt with different aspects of operation management within an organization. There are several elements those have influence over the process of operation management within an organization. Supply chain management, value added service are the most important factors of operation management. This report has also discussed manufacturing process of a manufacturing company, Pentacon of Germany. Pentacon manufactures several types of camera. This industry includes in the electronic industry. This report has discussed some process of manufacturing products with the help of operation management. Reference list Books Chopra, S. and Meindl, P. (2013). Supply chain management. Boston: Pearson. Taunton, L. (2014). Operation management. Delhi: Globus Press. Yamamoto, S. (2013). Human interface and the management of information. Berlin: Springer. Journals Casson, M. (2013). Economic Analysis of International Supply Chains: An Internalization Perspective. J Supply Chain Manag, 49(2), pp.8-13 Elgazzar, S., Tipi, N., Hubbard, N. and Leach, D. (2012). Linking supply chain processes performance to a companys financial strategic objectives. European Journal of Operational Research, 223(1), pp.276-289 Manopiniwes, W., Suphameteeskul, N. and Janchai, W. (2013). AHP Approach for Material Management Operation in a Cutting Edge Electronics Design Manufacturing Company. AMR, 748, pp.1198-1202 Narasimhan, R. and Narayanan, S. (2013). Perspectives on Supply Network-Enabled Innovations. J Supply Chain Manag, 49(4), pp.27-42 Hofmann, E. and Knbel, S. (2013). Alignment of manufacturing strategies to customer requirements using analytical hierarchy process. Production Manufacturing Research, 1(1), pp.19-43 Xu, L., de Vrieze, P., Phalp, K., Jeary, S. and Liang, P. (2013). Interoperative end-user process modelling for process collaborative manufacturing. International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, 26(11), pp.990-1002 Zhu, Z., Dhokia, V. and Newman, S. (2013). The development of a novel process planning algorithm for an unconstrained hybrid manufacturing process. Journal of Manufacturing Processes, 15(4), pp.404-413 Websites Aurich, T. (2015). PENTACON GmbH + Foto- und Feinwerktechnik: Home. [online] Available at: [Accessed 21 Feb. 2015]., (2015). Free Management Library (SM). [online] Available at: [Accessed 21 Feb. 2015]., (2015). Distance Learning Courses and Adult Education - The Open University. [online] Available at: [Accessed 21 Feb. 2015]., (2015). Saylor Academy. [online] Available at: [Accessed 21 Feb. 2015].

Tuesday, April 7, 2020

Introduction Essays (4231 words) - Object-oriented Programming

Introduction -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sather is an object oriented language designed to be simple, efficient, safe, and non-proprietary. It aims to meet the needs of modern research groups and to foster the development of a large, freely available, high-quality library of efficient well-written classes for a wide variety of computational tasks. It was originally based on Eiffel but now incorporates ideas and approaches from several languages. One way of placing it in the 'space of languages' is to say that it attempts to be as efficient as C, C++, or Fortran, as elegant but safer than Eiffel or CLU, and to support higher-order functions as well as Common Lisp, Scheme, or Smalltalk. Sather has garbage collection, statically-checked strong (contravariant) typing, multiple inheritance, separate implementation and type inheritance, parameterized classes, dynamic dispatch, iteration abstraction, higher-order routines and iters, exception handling, assertions, preconditions, postconditions, and class invariants. Sather code can be compiled into C code and can efficiently link with object files of other languages. pSather, the parallel and distributed extension, presents a shared memory abstraction to the programmer while allowing explicit placement of data and threads. Sather and the ICSI Sather compiler have a very unrestrictive license aimed at encouraging contribution to the public library without precluding the use of Sather for proprietary projects. This chapter will provide a basic introduction for new users, pointing to sources of information about the language and the compiler. It also contains a summary of Sather features - for those familiar with another object-oriented language, this section provides an overview of the key features of Sather. 1.1 Acknowledgements This text has its roots in the Sather 1.1 specification, the Eclectic tutorial and Holger's iterator tutorial. This document also contains several organizational ideas and some text from S. Omohundro's originally planned Sather book. This text has benefitted from corrections, comments and suggestions from several people including Cary D. Renzema, Jerome Feldman, Claudio Fleiner and Arno Jacobsen. Particular thanks to Cary, Arno and Feldman for detailed error reports. Arno also made several suggestions regarding terminology and examples that have been incorporated. 1.2 How to read this Document This document is meant to be a complete description of Sather 1.1, and is intended as an introduction to the language for a person with some programming background. It is more expository in nature than the specification and contains sections that motivate particular aspects of the language, such as the overloading rules. In addition, it deals with some more abstract design issues that arise when programming in Sather (such as the effect of the contra-variant subtyping rule). 1.3 Sources of Information This section briefly introduces some concepts important to Sather that the reader may not have been exposed to in C++ [2]. It isn't meant as a complete language tutorial. More information of a tutorial nature is available from the WWW page: At the time of this writing, the only compiler implementing the 1.1 language specification is available from ICSI. It is freely available, includes source for class libraries and the compiler, and compiles into ANSI C. This compiler has been ported to a wide range of UNIX and PC operating systems. 1.4 Obtaining the Compiler The ICSI Sather 1.1 compiler can be obtained by anonymous ftp at /pub/sather Other sites also mirror the Sather distribution. The distribution includes installation instructions, 'man' pages, the standard libraries and source for the compiler (in Sather). Documentation, tutorials and up-to-date information are also available at the Sather WWW page: ICSI also maintains a library of contributed Sather code at this page. There is a newsgroup devoted to Sather: comp.lang.sather There is also a Sather mailing list if you wish to be informed of Sather releases; to subscribe, send email to: [emailprotected] It is not necessary to be on the mailing list if you read the Sather newsgroup. 1.4.1 How do I ask questions? If it appears to be a problem that others would have encountered (on platform 'X', I tried to install it but the it failed to link with the error 'Y'), then the newsgroup is a good place to ask. If you have problems with the compiler or questions that are not of general interest, mail to one of [emailprotected] [emailprotected] This is also where you want to send bug reports. 1.5 Summary of Features This section provides a summary of Sather's features, with particular attention to features that are not found in

Monday, March 9, 2020

The Presidents Role in the U.S. Federal Budget Process

The Presidents Role in the U.S. Federal Budget Process The annual federal budget process begins the first Monday in February of each year and should be concluded by October 1, the start of the new Federal Fiscal Year. In some make that most years, the October 1 date is not met. Here is how the process is supposed to work. The President Submits a Budget Proposal to Congress In the first step of the annual U.S. federal budget process, the President of the United States formulates and submits a budget request for the upcoming fiscal year to Congress. Under the Budget and Accounting Act of 1921, the president is required to submit his or her proposed budget to Congress for each government fiscal year, the 12-month period beginning on October 1 and ending on September 30 of the next calendar year. Current federal budget law requires the president to submit the budget proposal budget between the first Monday in January and the first Monday in February. Typically, the president’s budget is submitted during the first week of February. However, especially in years when the new, incoming president belongs to a different party than the former president, submittal of the budget may be delayed. The president’s budget proposal may also be delayed by pressing government financial difficulties. For example, President Barack Obama did not submit his FY 2014 budget proposal until April 10, 2013, due to ongoing negotiations with Congress over the implementation of the budget sequester and mandatory spending cuts dictated by the Budget Control Act of 2011. In fiscal year 2016, the federal budget called for the expenditure of nearly $4 trillion. So, as you might imagine, deciding exactly how that much taxpayer money is to be spent represents a major part of the president’s job. While the formulation of the president’s annual budget proposal takes several months, the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 (the Budget Act) requires that it be presented to Congress on or before the first Monday in February. In formulating the budget request, the president is assisted by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), a major, independent part of the Executive Office of the President. The president’s budget proposals, as well as the final approved budget, are posted on the OMB website. Based on the input of the federal agencies, the presidents budget proposal projects estimated spending, revenue, and borrowing levels broken down by functional categories for the coming fiscal year to start on October 1.The president’s budget proposal includes volumes of information prepared by the president intended to convince Congress that the president’s spending priorities and amounts are justified. In addition, each federal executive branch agency and independent agency includes its own funding request and supporting information. All of these documents are also posted on the OMB website. The presidents budget proposal includes a suggested level of funding for each Cabinet-level agency and all programs currently administered by them. The presidents budget proposal serves as a starting point for the Congress to consider. Congress is under no obligation to adopt all or any of the Presidents budget and often makes significant changes. However, since the President must ultimately approve all future bills they might pass, Congress is often reluctant to completely ignore the spending priorities of the Presidents budget. House and Senate Budget Committees Report the Budget Resolution The Congressional Budget Act requires passage of an annual Congressional Budget Resolution, a concurrent resolution passed in identical form by both House and Senate, but not requiring the Presidents signature. The Budget Resolution is an important document providing Congress an opportunity to lay out its own spending, revenue, borrowing and economic goals for the coming fiscal year, as well as the next five future fiscal years. In recent years, the Budget Resolution has included suggestions for government program spending reforms leading to the goal of a balanced budget. Both the House and Senate Budget Committees hold hearings on the annual Budget Resolution. The committees seek testimony from presidential administration officials, Members of Congress and expert witnesses. Based on testimony and their deliberations, each committee writes or marks-up its respective version of the Budget Resolution. The Budget Committees are required to present or report their final Budget Resolution for consideration by the full House and Senate by April 1. Next Steps: Congress Prepares its Budget Resolution

Friday, February 21, 2020

Human resources ( Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Human resources ( - Essay Example In my opinion, more emphasis should be place on tax reforms and on the redistribution of funds between the rich and poor district schools. This will help improve the quality of education in public schools in different states. In general, states decide on the amount of funding received by schools and in some instances, there is inequality in the distribution of tax dollars between privileged and poor district schools (Hohenberg, 2010). Poor performing public schools lack the necessary resources and facilities to ensure high education performance thus effective distribution to poor schools will ensure that they have the appropriate funding to acquire the resources and put in place appropriate facilities. The K-12 system in the modern times dictates that funding is tied to performance and this system of tax distribution is unfair. Increasing competition in the K-12 system ensures an improvement in the quality of education (Hohenberg, 2010). This is because the schools in various states will work hard to beat each other. On the other hand, increasing competition is unfair, as it will benefit the schools that have the appropriate resources. Increasing equality in tax distribution among the poor public schools is beneficial, as it will help these institutions acquire the necessary resources needed to improve the quality and access of education. On the other hand, tax redistribution in the poor schools promotes laxity in these institutions. There is need to attain greater equalization in the education system in the US. In public schools, the distribution of funds between schools is clear leading to an inequality in access to benefits and funds. Benefits refer to the educational opportunities present in the system (Kozol, 2012). However, the benefits received argument does not refer to equalization in society, as too much tax burden would be placed on the poor without the ability to pay taxes